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Week 3: Black LGBTQ+


Day 1: Upper Body Workout

32 percent of children being raised by Black same-sex couples live in poverty, compared to 13 percent of children being raised by heterosexual Black parents and just 7 percent being raised by married heterosexual white parents.​
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This staggering number shows how disproportionately the Black community is targeted by law enforcement as a system- and this data is by no means recent. This is the direct result of a corrupt system that allows some officers to perpetuate violence without fear of consequence. For instance, the reports released by the NYPD in 1996 and 1997 show that 87.5 of those killed in shootings were non-whites. The following years, the NYPD stopped reporting information about race in police shootings altogether, shortly after Amadou Diallo, a Black man, was killed by the four officers. 41 bullets were shot at the unarmed man. 

On February 26, 2000, the New York Times published that the four officers who were responsible for Diallo’s death were cleared of all charges. The police officers responsible believed that they had seen Diallo pulling out a gun as he entered his apartment, but in actuality, it was his wallet. They claimed that he resembled a serial rapist they were looking for, and when Diallo hadn’t responded to their orders to stop, they subsequently fired 41 bullets, 19 of which made contact with Diallo. The officers admitted their mistake during trial, however were not found guilty of any crime. 

Diallo likely pulled out his wallet so he could show his ID to the approaching four officers. However, these particular officers’ snap judgement caused the loss of Amadou Diallo’s life. Would he have been murdered had he been a White man? Based on the data, it seems extremely unlikely. The police’s disproportionate attacks on Black Americans isn’t a recent trend, it’s been embedded in our society for centuries. 

To learn more about Diallo’s story, please read the following articles, which is where the information above was found:

Workout

Two sets of three 32 rep exercises

  • 32 pushups
  • 32 tricep dips
  • up and down plank, 32x (16 each side)


Day 2: 1.3 mile cardio with 1.3 minute intervals

According to a 2014 report on hate violence against LGBTQ and HIV-affected communities, Black survivors of hate violence were 1.3 times more likely to experience police violence than their non-Black counterparts. 
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In regards to hate crimes, those who are seen as different, or do not conform with societally placed guidelines and expectations are often met with hate.  That hate is expressed in various ways, but physical violence is the most apparent to the naked eye.  Although many members of the LGBTQ+ community experience hate violence, it is more prevalent amongst the black members of the community than their white counterparts.  Additionally, black people who identify as LGBTQ+ who endure hate violence are 1.3 times more likely to experience violence inflicted by police.  

If a member of society is attacked by citizens for their identity and feel safe to contact authorities to receive justice for the wrongdoings acted upon them, they will most likely be treated as victims.  Although it is most prevalent among white heterosexual citizens of the US, white LGBTQ+ citizens receive this kind of treatment more often than black LGBTQ+ citizens. Black transgender women are the most victimized by hate violence, and least likely to turn to law officials for help due to fears of discrimination from the police force.  Harassment by police officers is experienced by around forty percent of black transgender people, which would explain why those who are victims of hate violence often do not seek help from those who are there to protect their lives and safety- the police.

More information regarding hate violence and police harassment among black LGBTQ+ people can be found at the following website:

Being African American & LGBTQ: An Introduction

Workout

Two sets of three 32 rep exercises

  • 1.3 minute (1 minute 18 seconds) at 50% speed
  • 1.3 minute (1 minute 18 seconds) at 80-90% speed
  • Repeat until 1.3 miles of distance is covered

Day 3: Core workout

In the city of Atlanta, a young, Black gay man now has a 60 percent chance of becoming HIV-positive by the age of 30 even though Black gay and bisexual men are more likely to engage in safer sex practices than their white counterparts.
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HIV is a disease that is most common among the LGBTQ+ and black communities. Additionally, most cases of HIV occur among younger adults, between the ages of 25 and 34. In 2018, 86 percent of people living with HIV were male, and 69 percent were gay or bisexual men.  Also, the number of cases of HIV among black gay and bisexual men were significantly greater than the number of cases among white gay or bisexual men.  In fact, although black people are roughly 12 or 13 percent of the US population, in 2018, black people were 42 percent of those infected by HIV.

These disparities in HIV cases do not have to do with skin color, as it may seem.  It is not as though HIV searches for black LGBTQ+ people to infect.  Although, the differences in prevalence of HIV amongst racial groups in the LGBTQ+ community can be tied to socioeconomic disadvantages of the black community in regards to health care access and education about the disease.

In addition to socioeconomic barriers to education and sufficienient health care, there is a particular stigma around HIV that prevents many people from getting tested to find out whether or not they are infected- they simply do not want to have it, or admit that they do.  One in seven black people are infected with HIV and do not get tested for various reasons, this stigma being a main one.  Without getting tested, they cannot be treated, and so the cases of HIV among black members of society are most likely underreported. Without education, the repercussions of not knowing one’s status regarding HIV go unknown.  And with discriminatory or implicitly biased health care systems, the stigma around the virus in the black community grows and hinders the testing process even more.  Until black people, black LGBTQ+ people, can feel comfortable and supported in getting tested and helped with HIV treatment, these statistics will remain stagnant, or sadly rise, over time.

For more information regarding HIV disparities among differing racial and sexual orientations, visit the following websites where the information above was found: 

HIV and African Americans | Race/Ethnicity | HIV by Group | HIV/AIDS

Being African American & LGBTQ: An Introduction

US Statistics

Workout

6 rounds

  • 60 sec plank
  • 10 crunches
  • 60 sec flutter kicks
  • 10 crunches
  • 60 sec bicycles

Day 4: 35 minute cardio

The average life expectancy of a Black trans woman in America is 35 years old.
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Imagine being told that your life expectancy is less than half that of the average life expectancy of the nation.  

Most white cisgender people are expected to live until the age of 78. Black trans women are expected to live until the age of 35.

Most people at 35 years old are finally settling into their profession, in a job they might keep for the rest of their life until the time they decide to retire.  People are expanding their own families- having children, getting married, buying their first home and finding their niche in their community.  It is one thing to worry about death at the age of 35 because you have chosen a more life threatening profession, such as military work or gang affiliations.  Although, if you are choosing to embrace your desired identity as a trans woman, that is not a life choice that comes with a possibility of death. 

In 2019, at least ten transgender women were found murdered, and the majority of them were black.  Of course, this number is underreported as the women who passed might have been misgendered, their cases dropped, or their bodies were not recovered.  

Imagine your life being robbed due to the color of your skin and your identity- two characteristics that everyone has.  Imagine wondering if you will have a family of your own due to the fear of losing your life because of your identity and skin color.

The information found above and more regarding black transgender life expectancy can be found on the following websites:

Transgender Women Of Colour Have An Average Life Expectancy Of Just 35 Years

Black Trans Women Are Being Murdered at Alarming Rates 

FastStats – Life Expectancy

Workout

35 minute cardio with a 35 second sprint effort every 3.5 minutes


Day 5: 7 minute AMRAP

77% of Black and African American LGBTQ youth have heard family members say negative things about LGBTQ people.
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The Human Rights Campaign (HRC) conducted a landmark study in 2019 to better understand the experiences of a very underrepresented intersectional group of people: Black LGTBQ youth. The HCR surveyed 1,600 Black LGBTQ youth and found distressing results about the mental health and daily lives of these children. According to HCR’s findings, 77% Black LGBTQ youth have heard family members say negative statements about the LGBTQ community. Half of respondents were taunted or mocked by family members, and only 20% of surveyed youth reported being able to be themselves at home.

Obviously, these kinds of at home stressors take their toll on Black LGBTQ youth. A vast majority of respondents in HRC’s survey reported feelings of depression, helplessness, worthlessness, nervousness, and panic. Knowing that these youths are particularly vulnerable to acts of violence, discrimination and mental health emergencies, it is even more important than ever to support and listen to these members of the LGBTQ community.  

Sources for the above information and further learning:

Human Rights Campaign report finds nearly half of Black LGBTQ youth are ridiculed by family members

Black & African American LGBTQYOUTH REPORT

Black LGBTQ Youth At Heightened Risk for Discrimination

Workout

7 minute AMRAP:

  • 7 squat jumps
  • 7 burpees
  • 7 full sit ups


Day 6: 39 minute cardio

While 47% of LGBTQ youth overall reported receiving psychological or emotional counseling from a professional in the past year, only 39% of Black LGBTQ youth reported having done so. 
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Medical institutions have had a long history of discrimination against both the Black and LGBTQ+ community. When these factors are combined, the number of negative outcomes multiplies. In February of 2020, the Trevor Project completed a study on how racism and homophobia impact the mental health of young people, especially in an increasingly digital age. It is an issue within itself that members of the Black LGBTQ+ community suffer from mental health problems at a significantly higher rate than those who are Non-black or do not consider themselves a part of the LGBTQ+ community. However, it is more concerning that members of the Black LGBTQ+ community often do not have the financial resources or healthcare access necessary in order to receive the counseling or therapy that they need. 

Even when members of the Black LGBTQ+ community are able to access counseling and therapy, the lack of diversity within the psychology workforce prevents treatment from reaching its maximum effectiveness.Typically, most forms of suicide prevention have a “one size fits all approach”, which often does not fulfill the needs of all individuals seeking help. The demographic of counselors and therapists tends to be white, with black counselors only making up 4% of the total field of work. It’s important to have a diversified psychology workforce that accurately represents the demographics of those looking for psychological counseling or therapy.

In a nation where discrimation and judgement has frequently been normalized, the intersection of the Black and LGBTQ identities often leads to higher risk of mental illness, and the fact that it is more difficult for these groups to receive access to care causes further issues. The slogan “Healthcare is a Human Right” has been widely used by Leftist groups, but it’s important that Mental healthcare, especially for at-risk groups, be included in this as well.

To learn more about mental health disparities, visit the following websites, where the above information was found:

Black LGBTQ youth, despite high levels of mental health issues, receive less professional care, study says

How diverse is the psychology workforce?

Workout

39 minutes of sport specific training or general cardio


Day 7: Lower body workout

Black transgender people had an extremely high unemployment rate at 26 percent, two times the rate of the overall transgender sample and four times the rate of the general population.
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Black transgender people have been subjected to countless forms of injustice, which includes workplace discrimination. It was discovered by the National LGBTQ Task Force that Black trans people have an unemployment rate of 26%. This number is even higher for Black trans women, who are considered to be the most highly discriminated group in America. The multi-layered effects of poverty, class, and racial discrimination make it extremely difficult for Black transgender individuals to achieve equality in the workforce. 

More than one in four transgender people have lost a job due to bias, and more than 75% have suffered from some form of workplace discrimination. These numbers are even higher when looking specifically at black transgender people. In fact, until recently, about half of the states in the US have not adopted any strict policies which prohibit this sort of discrimination. This means that thousands of transgender people were not given equal protection under the law, and when combined with the effects of implicit and direct racial bias, it makes it extremely difficult to be a trans black person in America.

One woman, Aimee Stephens, was fired from the funeral home she works for after coming out to her boss as a trans woman in 2019. This case reached the Supreme Court in June of 2020, though Stephens died earlier this year. In a landmark ruling, the Court decided that the LGBTQ+ community is protected against workplace discrimination under the 1964 Civil Rights Act, which prohibited workplace discrimination on the basis of race, religion, national identity, or sex. This case set the standard that sexual orientation and gender identity are also protected under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act.  There are still layers of LGBTQ+ discrimination embedded in society, however this case gives hope for a more equitable future.

Visit the following websites, where the above information was found, to learn more about workplace discrimation against the black and transgender communities:

Employment | National Center for Transgender Equality

New analysis shows startling levels of discrimination against Black transgender people

Supreme Court Delivers Major Victory To LGBTQ Employees

Workout

2 sets of 6 26 rep exercises

  • 26 squats
  • 26 side lunges right
  • 26 side lunges left
  • 26 calf raises
  • 26 squat jumps
  • 26 reverse lunges with knee lift (alternating)

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